Bug #324

BUG: scheduling while atomic: swconfig/1340/0x00000002

Added by Dave Täht on Dec 17, 2011. Updated on Apr 21, 2012.
Closed Normal Dave Täht


In my quest for lower latency throughout the system, I increased the clock interrupt from 100 to 256, enabled low latency desktop, and wanted to see what bugs I would flush out by doing so.

This is one… I had put down working on the switch last year, in march, after beating the buffering problem on it, or so I thought. I never got around to seeing if the the wfq algorithm on it could be made to work - the early data sheets had glowingly cool stuff on them, the later ones deleted that info, so it seems likely that much of the QoS system on-chip actually doesn’t work. That said, finding ways to expose more of the switch’s functionality higher up on the stack would be good.

Now, previously, I’d tried for a clock interrupt of 1000, and exposed at least two other bugs elsewhere, this one is new…

[   21.792968] se00: link up (1000Mbps/Full duplex)
[   22.691406] ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): ge00: link is not ready
[   26.695312] BUG: scheduling while atomic: swconfig/1340/0x00000002
[   26.699218] Modules linked in: gpio_buttons usb_storage ohci_hcd xt_hashlimit ip6t_REJECT ip6t_LOG ip6t_rt ip6t_hbh ip6t_mh ip6t_ipv6header ip6t_frag ip6t_eui64 ip6t_ah ip6table_raw ip6_queue ip6table_mangle ip6table_filter ip6_tables nf_conntrack_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_nat_irc nf_conntrack_irc nf_nat_ftp nf_conntrack_ftp xt_HL xt_hl ipt_ECN xt_CLASSIFY xt_time xt_tcpmss xt_statistic xt_mark xt_length ipt_ecn xt_DSCP xt_dscp xt_string xt_layer7 xt_quota xt_pkttype xt_physdev xt_owner ipt_MASQUERADE iptable_nat nf_nat xt_recent xt_helper xt_connmark xt_connbytes pptp xt_conntrack xt_NOTRACK iptable_raw xt_state nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 nf_conntrack ehci_hcd sd_mod pppoe pppox ipt_REJECT xt_TCPMSS ipt_LOG xt_comment xt_multiport xt_mac xt_limit iptable_mangle iptable_filter ip_tables xt_tcpudp x_tables ip_gre gre ifb sit tunnel4 tun ppp_async ppp_generic slhc vfat fat ext4 jbd2 mbcache autofs4 ath9k ath9k_common ath9k_hw ath nls_utf8 nls_iso8859_2 nls_iso8859_15 nls_iso8859_13 nls_iso8859_1 nls_cp437 mac80211 usbcore scsi_mod nls_base ts_fsm ts_bm ts_kmp crc16 crc_ccitt ipv6 cfg80211 compat arc4 aes_generic crypto_algapi leds_gpio button_hotplug gpio_keys_polled input_polldev input_core
[   26.804687] Call Trace:
[   26.808593] [<802b1200>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
[   26.812500] [<802b14a8>] __schedule+0x88/0x540
[   26.816406] [<802b22d4>] schedule_timeout+0x1cc/0x200
[   26.824218] [<80083f88>] msleep+0x20/0x30
[   26.828125] [<801ee05c>] rtl8366s_reset_chip+0x2c/0x90
[   26.832031] [<801ee474>] rtl8366s_sw_reset_switch+0x18/0x74
[   26.835937] [<801e62fc>] swconfig_set_attr+0x1f4/0x258
[   26.843750] [<80233f94>] genl_rcv_msg+0x1d4/0x220
[   26.847656] [<80233304>] netlink_rcv_skb+0x6c/0xe8
[   26.851562] [<80233db0>] genl_rcv+0x24/0x34
[   26.855468] [<80232b58>] netlink_unicast+0x274/0x34c
[   26.863281] [<80232ed4>] netlink_sendmsg+0x2a4/0x334
[   26.867187] [<801fefd0>] sock_sendmsg+0x84/0xa4
[   26.871093] [<801ff25c>] __sys_sendmsg+0x1a4/0x24c
[   26.875000] [<80200af8>] sys_sendmsg+0x48/0x7c
[   26.878906] [<8006a3a4>] stack_done+0x20/0x40
[   26.882812] 


  • powertop.png (image/png; 53.0 kiB) Powertop Hector Ordorica Dec 19, 2011


Updated by Dave Täht on Dec 18, 2011.
Well, still failing to get bql backported. Even with the clock set to normal

[   12.019531] WARNING: at net/sched/sch_generic.c:255 dev_watchdog+0x164/0x26c()
[   12.027343] NETDEV WATCHDOG: eth0 (ag71xx): transmit queue 0 timed out
[   12.031250] Modules linked in: usb_storage ohci_hcd ehci_hcd sd_mod ext4 jbd2 mbcache usbcore scsi_mod nls_base crc16 leds_gpio button_hotplug gpio_keys_polled input_polldev input_core
[   12.046875] Call Trace:
[   12.050781] [<8028ad2c>] dump_stack+0x8/0x34
[   12.054687] [<80075ee8>] warn_slowpath_common+0x78/0xa4
[   12.062500] [<80075f9c>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x2c/0x38
[   12.066406] [<80207738>] dev_watchdog+0x164/0x26c
[   12.070312] [<800807e0>] run_timer_softirq+0x14c/0x1ec
[   12.074218] [<8007b8e4>] __do_softirq+0xac/0x15c
[   12.078125] [<8007baec>] do_softirq+0x48/0x68
[   12.085937] [<8007bd20>] irq_exit+0x4c/0xb8
[   12.089843] [<8006290c>] ret_from_irq+0x0/0x4
[   12.093750] [<80062b00>] r4k_wait+0x20/0x40
[   12.097656] [<800645d4>] cpu_idle+0x30/0x60
[   12.101562] [<803208fc>] start_kernel+0x37c/0x39c
[   12.105468]
[   12.109375] ---[ end trace e5f75eb1aac959a8 ]---
Updated by Hector Ordorica on Dec 18, 2011.
Just to add to this in my own building of openwrt trying to use combinations of config_hz 1000, forced preemption, and voluntary preemption:

1. Using forced (desktop) preemption causes the above bug. Even if you use a slower clock interval. Interestingly, even though this appears: “BUG: scheduling while atomic: swconfig/1340/0x00000002”, after a minute or so, the ethernet chips start functioning fine (perhaps with a release and renew on the connected clients). The wireless doesn’t appear to be affected.

2. Using config_hz 1000 with server or voluntary preemption, a similar issue occurs were the ethernet switch seems to fail, but I see no immediate error logs in the kernel message. Wireless again appears to be ok.

3. I can build a successful firmware using voluntary preemption and config_hz 250. The router seems stable using voluntary preemption. Perhaps using a custom HZ value (like 500) could be a workaround.

Updated by Dave Täht on Dec 19, 2011.
Have you noticed any positive effects from your configuration?

In my case I was hoping for mildly better behavior from QFQ, which I seem to be getting.

Updated by Hector Ordorica on Dec 19, 2011.
I’m not much of a kernel hacker, but I think I was able to override the kernel tick timer by editing:


But I may be wrong since I think that gets overwritten from source when building the kernel? I also tried to set config_hz_500=y and config_hz=500 in the relevant config files, but I’m not sure if they are sticking. Any help would be appreciated on how to actually change the default.

Anyways, enabling kernel timing stats debugging and installing powertop, I see there are about 400 “wakeups-from-idle per second” when doing minor browsing. Ath9k uses about 170 in idle. So I’d argue that we need just around 500Hz just to maintain responsiveness at least on the software side. I’m guessing that the interrupts can go much higher than the defined 500Hz though when required, because it shoots up to 2000-3000 (eth0) when doing a simple Samba transfer.

I’m not sure how the interrupts are related to the HZ or context switching though. It’s probably complicated.

One effect is that Samba transferring a bulk file from the local PC to the attached HDD much faster now, about 16MB/s vs. 12MB/s for the default HZ value. Idle times according to vmstat are also more accurate.

I’m actually just using openwrt trunk, not cerowrt. Is the cerowrt toolchain available for me to build? Then I can test QFQ.

How it affects latency? I’m not sure. Using the default QoS scripts with appropriate limits (txqueuelen, buffers, ECN, timestamps), a Netalyzer test looks the same. But then I’m not using your improved QoS scripts.

Let me know how I can help.

Updated by Dave Täht on Dec 19, 2011.
the cerowrt toolchain is presently a small mass of patches flying in loose formation, and just barely buildable by me at the moment. I’ll get it independently buildable again.

I’m engaged in pushing up the good stuff into openwrt as fast as I can, so others can fiddle with the good stuff (like QFQ) there. I probably won’t be done doing that until after Christmas. (needed-for-me-to-cleanup-and-submit patches are the latest iproute2, and QFQ added to the kernel scheduler packages)

Your results with samba are pretty interesting. My assumption is that the samba daemon is waking up more often than it would otherwise….

Is this samba 3.0 or 3.6? I just pushed samba 3.6.1 into the ceropackages repo (which is largely buildable from normal openwrt, all you have to do is add it to your feeds.conf, and select the package in it)

Updated by Dave Täht on Dec 19, 2011.
I’m curious as to what these are for you and your situation. It’s looks like you are using an arm platform?

“default QoS scripts with appropriate limits (txqueuelen, buffers, ECN, timestamps”

I note that almost universally I’m getting better shaping results from very small tx rings - 4 in cerowrt’s case. I also set the openrd (an arm platform) as low as they would go - 20 - and would like to go lower in that case.

Updated by Hector Ordorica on Dec 26, 2011.
Actually, the test with samba was the older Samba 3.0 release. I just rebuilt the openwrt trunk with 3.6, and now I’m getting 13MB/s vs 16MB/s with a large file transfer to an attached usb HDD. One thing I’ve noticed is that Samba 3.6 takes significantly more memory to run. The slow down may be due to RAM and cache swapping. I also have a swap file enabled for this reason (it’s easy to run out of RAM).

Overall I’d take my limited benchmark with a big grain of salt. It would seem it’s limited by the CPU and the scheduler giving the smbd process enough time (also giving the USB interface enough time). I also tried setting the TCP TOS for samba to TCP_CORK since I was doing mainly bulk transfers.

As for my QoS settings; with my slow connection (6000Kbps/1000Kbps), using a txqueuelen of 2 rarely drops packets. I have only a handful of dropped packets over the course of a week. On my Windows 7 clients, the ethernet driver also allows me to set TX and RX buffers to 2. This is pretty good, because I have some other clients that only allow 128 or 256 minimums.

ECN and timestamps are enabled. I don’t see why they aren’t enabled by default in openwrt trunk. I also enabled them on my Windows 7 clients.

I tried applying ethtool -G eth0 rx 16 tx 16, and various other values, on my WNDR3700v2, but it crashes the router immediately. I can set a higher value, rx 64 tx 64, and it doesn’t crash immediately, but eventually (over the course of a few hours).

I seen your ticket about applying ethtool very early in the boot process, so I will try that next. Can you link to the boot file I can edit to apply that?

Updated by Dave Täht on Dec 27, 2011.
You are experiencing packet drops (everyone does) but they are just hidden somewhere in the system.

Anyway, to reduce latency on the driver side:

See the two ethtool lines in:


This was the only way I was able to reduce the tx ring to sanity was here, before it booted fully.

I’ve gone as low as 2, actually, but that did cut bandwidth (helped on latency, though), and I do hope that BQL will run at 16 to 64 as well or better as things run now at tx 4.

I have been running of late with qfq or sfq, and a longer txqueuelen (150 or so). SFQ and QFQ help a lot on wireless, not so much at gigE speeds, but help a lot at 100Mbit or less (with an uplink)

I have some scripts I’m working on in the deBloat repo that almost work on openwrt as I write.

Updated by Hector Ordorica on Dec 28, 2011.
I tried setting ethtool -G eth0 rx 16 tx 16 in my boot config, but the router refuses to boot. It just hangs during the init process.

The lowest I can successfully boot is tx 64 rx 64 for eth0 and eth1. I’m using the latest openwrt trunk. I also tried 32, 8, 2. The defaults are tx 64 rx 128.

Are you only changing the tx value? Perhaps that’s the difference.

Updated by Hector Ordorica on Dec 29, 2011.
Just an update on Samba. Turns out that the samba socket options have a big effect on bulk transfer performance.

TCP_CORK alone has worse performance for bulk transfers than just TCP_NODELAY.

The best combination I found was:


Those options held network utilization at 15.5% on a 1Gbit connection.

Increasing the buffer size allowed me to obtain 18MB/s transfer rates to the attached USB HDD. 32768 sized buffers also worked almost as well.

Updated by Dave Täht on Jan 16, 2012.

The lowest I can successfully boot is tx 64 rx 64 for eth0 and eth1. I’m using the latest openwrt >trunk. I also tried 32, 8, 2. The defaults are tx 64 rx 128.

TX rings and RX rings are very different. I usually set TX to 2 or 4 in the early stage boot process (in the /etc/init.d/boot script), and don’t touch the rx ring - which should be about 128…

Updated by Dave Täht on Jan 29, 2012.
My latest efforts use bql, which eliminates (theoretically) the need to fiddle with tx rings at all.

I do plan to revisit the clock issue at some point tho.

Updated by Dave Täht on Apr 20, 2012.
No need to fiddle with tx anymore whatsoever, with bql.

However, on routers with tso/gso/ufo support, and possibly lro/gro, it helps to turn those OFF. The wndr has none of those features, x86s do.

I am running successfully with a 256 clock now.

Updated by Dave Täht on Apr 21, 2012.

This is a static export of the original bufferbloat.net issue database. As such, no further commenting is possible; the information is solely here for archival purposes.
RSS feed

Recent Updates

Oct 20, 2023 Wiki page
What Can I Do About Bufferbloat?
Dec 3, 2022 Wiki page
Codel Wiki
Jun 11, 2022 Wiki page
More about Bufferbloat
Jun 11, 2022 Wiki page
Tests for Bufferbloat
Dec 7, 2021 Wiki page
Getting SQM Running Right

Find us elsewhere

Bufferbloat Mailing Lists
#bufferbloat on Twitter
Google+ group
Archived Bufferbloat pages from the Wayback Machine


Comcast Research Innovation Fund
Nlnet Foundation
Shuttleworth Foundation

Bufferbloat Related Projects

OpenWrt Project
Congestion Control Blog
Flent Network Test Suite
The Cake shaper
CeroWrt (where it all started)

Network Performance Related Resources

Jim Gettys' Blog - The chairman of the Fjord
Toke's Blog - Karlstad University's work on bloat
Voip Users Conference - Weekly Videoconference mostly about voip
Candelatech - A wifi testing company that "gets it".